Swollen Gums During Pregnancy: Home Remedies

When you are pregnant, you might develop swollen, painful, and bleeding gums. During pregnancy, hormonal fluctuations may leave your gums more susceptible to plaque, causing irritation and bleeding. Pregnancy gingivitis, or swollen gums, is another name for this condition. Our team at A Date With Baby has crafted a comprehensive blog post around the topic of the causes, symptoms, and home remedies of the condition.

Pregnancy Gingivitis

What is pregnancy gingivitis?

Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums and surrounding tissues. During pregnancy, your body produces a hormone called progesterone that makes you more susceptible to developing plaques on your teeth which can lead to painful swelling or bleeding in cases where it has not been properly treated.

Brushing and flossing are essential for maintaining good oral hygiene during any stage of life, but especially so when pregnant, because high levels of progesterone make moms-to-be even more prone than usual to plaque buildup around their gum lines.

Some of the symptoms of gingivitis include the following:

  • red gums
  • bleeding gums
  • bad breath
  • swollen gums
  • tender, puffy gums
  • receding gums

Gingivitis during pregnancy is most prevalent during months 2 and 8. Even during the third trimester, it may increase rapidly. Pregnant women have a higher risk of dental decay and loose teeth than non-pregnant women.

To evaluate your general dental health, your doctor may suggest that you plan a cleaning visit anytime in the second or third trimester.

Is It Normal For Your Gums To Be Swollen When Pregnant Even At 36 Weeks?

Pregnancy gingivitis may affect anywhere between 50 to 70% of expectant mothers. Those who have the condition, on the other hand, are seven times more likely to have premature labor, preeclampsia, and infants with low birth weight!

Short and long-term problems, such as impairments and obstacles in growth and mental development, are more common in premature babies. Furthermore, if a pregnant woman has untreated dental decay and/or consumes a lot of sweets, her children are four times more likely to acquire tooth decay, by some estimation.

Gingivitis during pregnancy is described as swelling and inflammation of the gums and is triggered by a bacterial film that forms on the teeth, leading to plaque accumulation. This plaque hurts the gums, causing them to become painful, bright red, swollen, sensitive, and prone to bleeding. Infected and swollen gums contain disease-causing bacteria, which produce toxins that damage the ligaments, gums, and bones that surround your teeth, forming infected pockets that resemble big infected sores in the mouth.

These pockets enable germs to enter your bloodstream and move throughout your body. The germs that cause gingivitis might end up in the uterine tissue via the bloodstream.
This causes the body to generate prostaglandins, a naturally occurring fatty acid that regulates inflammation and smooth muscle contraction.

The amount of prostaglandins in a pregnant woman’s body rises and reaches to highest levels as she goes into labor. It’s conceivable that if a pregnant woman’s body produces too much prostaglandin in response to infected gums, her body will interpret this as a signal to go into labor sooner than anticipated, leading the baby to be delivered too soon.

Furthermore, hormonal fluctuations when you are pregnant alter the body’s natural reaction to dental plaque, affecting how gum tissues respond to the bacteria in plaque, increasing the risk of gingivitis in pregnant women.

If you already have gingivitis before becoming pregnant, it will most certainly worsen if you do not seek treatment.

Although gingivitis usually goes away after delivery, it should be checked by your dentist on a regular basis (both during and after pregnancy) to avoid gingivitis from progressing to periodontitis, a more severe (and irreversible) condition.

Home Remedies For Sore Swollen Gums While Pregnant

Although you may not be able to regulate the hormones during pregnancy, there are several steps you can take to maintain your teeth and gums before and throughout pregnancy.

Maintain proper dental hygiene.

Brushing your teeth twice a day is recommended. Fluoride-containing toothpaste adds an additional layer of protection. Do you find brushing difficult these days? Make sure you’re brushing your teeth with a gentle toothbrush. It will not hurt your sensitive gums as much as harder varieties would.

Please ensure you clean at least once a day while you’re at it. Flossing aids in the removal of any stuck food particles or germs.
Putting in the additional work is definitely worth it. Brushing and flossing practices that are regular may even be able to repair the damage and inflammation that has been done to your teeth and gums.

Eat A Healthy Diet

Throughout pregnancy, you may not feel your best, particularly in the first trimester. However, strive to eat a well-balanced, whole-food diet such as:

  • fruits
  • vegetables
  • whole grains
  • dairy products

Juices and drinks should be avoided in favor of water or milk. Sugary or starchy foods, such as sweets, cookies/cakes, and dried fruits, should be avoided. All of those sweets and carbohydrates may eat away at your teeth and gums over time.

These dietary recommendations are beneficial not just to your tongue, but also to your body and the wellbeing of your unborn baby.

Gargle With Sea Salt

Starting to notice a little swelling or bleeding when you brush?

Add a salt gargle to your routine. Sea salt may reduce inflammation from gingivitis and help to heal your gums.

To try this at home: dilute 1 teaspoon of salt into 1 cup of warm water. Swish this mixture around in your mouth a few times and spit out (don’t swallow) when you’re done.


As you can see, pregnancy Gingivitis is a common condition that many pregnant women experience. However, there are many ways to treat swollen gums when pregnant so don’t let it get the best of you! Consider reading our blog for more tips and information about your pregnancy!

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